Despite his anti-Semitic reputation, U.S President Richard Nixon names Henry Kissinger as Secretary of State, the first Jew to hold the post. Kissinger had a controversial reputation. He is best known for orchestrating Détente with the Soviet Union, and among Israelis for his refusal to send assistance to Israel in the first days of the 1973 Yom Kippur War, when the country was under a surprise attack by both the Egyptian and Syrian armies.
In Brandenburg, Prussia, Joachim the Elector burned 38 Jews at the stake on a charge of desecrating the host. Another two accepted Christianity and were mercifully beheaded instead of being burned to death.