[Picture above is of buses and police cars used to transport Jews at the Velodrome d'Hiver during the raid, parked outside the stadium]
The greatest mass-arrest of Jews on French soil was known as the Vél’ d’hiv’ Round-up and code named Opération Vent printanier ("Operation Spring Breeze). It was a joint operation between the Germans and French administrators and carried out by the French police in Paris on July 16-17, 1942.
The name for the event is derived from the nickname of the Vélodrome d'Hiver ("Winter Velodrome"), a bicycle velodrome and stadium where many of the victims were temporarily confined. According to records of the Préfecture de Police, 13,152 victims were arrested and held at the Vélodrome d'Hiver and the Drancy internment camp nearby, then shipped by railway transports to Auschwitz for extermination.