The Washington Post, the New York Times and the Guardian have been looking at the resurgence of anti-Semitism in France.
Dieudonné , Jean-Marie Le Pen , Mehdi Nemmouche , Mohammed Merah , Youssouf Fofana. What do they have in common? American and English newspapers have published for several days stories on the "new antisemitism" that grows in France. The New York Times stressed the rapidly rising number of Jewish emigrants who left France for Israel . The daily quoted Taieb Nizard, a 32 year old woman, mother of two children who explained: "I love France and this is my country, but I am disgusted. In Israel there is an army that will protect us. Here, I do not see a future for my children . "
"The French anxiety illustrates the general anxiety of European Jews who fear for their safety and their future," told the New York Daily Cwajgenbaum Serge, a French who is the Secretary General of the European Jewish Congress in Brussels. " If this situation continues, there will be an acceleration of Europe departures," he adds.
According to the Washington Post, the success of antisemitic is reflected by Dieudonné who made this as his trademark, his main message over the years and formed a political movement which is a symptom of a much wider problem of French society. The "new antisemitism" is the result of the convergence of four key factors. Namely, the classical search for a scapegoat in times of economic crisis, the growing strength of the far-right nationalist, the deterioration of relations between blacks and Jews and growing tensions with the growing Muslim population in Europe. But in Western Europe, "no nation has seen deteriorating climate for Jews like France ."
Anti-Semitism and anti-Semitic acts had not disappeared in Europe since the end of World War II. There were two waves especially in the 1980s and early 2000s which were related to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. But it was movements affecting a negligible part of the population.
Now, it is a French, Mehdi Nemmouche , who is the main suspect in the killing in May at the Jewish Museum in Brussels. This is the most violent anti-Semitic act since in 2012, when Mohammed Merah , another French, shot three children in a Jewish school in Toulouse. France, which has the largest Jewish community in Europe has seen anti-Semitic acts increased by 40% during the first three months of the year to reach 140. Three weeks ago, two young Jews who came out of a synagogue in Créteil were beaten . An almost regular news item.
A recent study by the American Jewish organization – the Anti-Defamation League - suggests that France now has the highest percentage of population in Western Europe with anti-Semitic prejudice: 37% against 8% in Great Britain, 20% in Italy and 27% in Germany. "For the Jewish leaders, this is related to the radicalization of young French Muslim population and the constant attacks by the French media on Israeli policy towards the Palestinians , "wrote the Washington Post.
But the daily also acknowledges that the situation is more complex than that. Anti-Semitism has become more socially acceptable and Dieudonné and Jean-Marie Le Pen helped to illustrate this.